... Bakelite was patented on December 7, 1909. ... Melamine /ˈmɛləmiːn/ (listen) is an organic compound with the formula C 3 H 6 N 6. However, despite similarities, there is a significant difference between melamine and laminate that is discussed in this article. Though most of the jewelry we find today referred to as Bakelite is actually Catalin. Melamine is considered, and often referred to as, a direct or low pressure laminate (LPL) because it is manufactured with a pressure of 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch. Answer: Thermosetting – bakelite, melamine Thermoplastics – combs, toys. i really like your dress in the first picture. However, it is popular among the people only as melamine. Not only made in bangle form, but also carved necklaces, brooches, shoe clips, every novelty design to lift the spirits and freshen up a frock. Our feeling is that if it is phenol formaldehyde it is more likely to have been sold under the Bakelite tradename, if it is urea or melamine formaldehyde it is more likely to have been sold as Catalin, but at the end of the day the names are virtually interchangable! Melamine is also referred to as direct pressure laminate or low-pressure laminate. I like that there'll be a slight morbidity to my craziness as I sniff away at braclets! Thanks for sharing all these tips, Solanah! Now it's near impossible, and even if you do find it, it's value is well known, and it's price marked up. This melamine resin is a synthetic polymer and is heat resistant. $110.00 +$50.00 shipping. It had quite a good run. Usually, the material is thermoplastic type if the product material is plastic; the material is thermosetting type if the product is Bakelite and melamine. the main differences between the two are... Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic, it cannot be molded again whereas Melamine, being a thermoplastic, can be molded any number of times adn reshaped. The formation process of these two types of plastics also differs. Classify the following into thermosetting and thermoplastics-combs, bakelite, melamine, toys. Bakelite is a synthetic plastic. Toto Bulgaria Rare Modern Retro Cigarett Set Made of Bakelite. It was made from a mixture of phenol (carbolic acid) and formaldehyde. So if you rub the surface of a Bakelite item with your thumb until it feels hot, it should smell like formaldehyde. 2. It is often combined with formaldehyde to produce melamine resin. Great tips! Why are the chemicals in the laboratory stored in plastic containers ? Just like Laminate, Melamine is made using paper and resin, but the Melamine … – basically a cheap … Melamine is a type of plastic. Melamine. Some of my pieces could really use a good clean-up! This white solid is a trimer of cyanamide, with a 1,3,5-triazine skeleton. Bakelite Structure. When melamine laminates are manufactured, theyre created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into a durable plastic sheet. The primary difference between the two--in addition to surface texture and weight--is their tolerance to heat. Most bakelite jewelry that you see for sale is actually catalin. It is also used in other products like toys, jewellery, kitchen ware etc. The confusion over choosing between acrylic and laminate for kitchen cabinets has been going on ever since modular kitchens became popular. Melamine is a plastic coating material also used as a surface for plywood and fiberboard. Difference between thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics 1. Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic and is used for making electrical switches, handles of various utensils, etc. The result is a hard plastic material. Melamine is a compound used in some plastic products, such as dishes, utensils, and more. Some important properties of bakelite are listed below. This comment has been removed by the author. This means there's usually no fillers, and is a little less durable than the original Bakelite formula. This is done by applying a certain amount of pressure-per-square-inch to the laminate. You're welcome. What’s the difference? You have an amazing collection! Molded Bakelite forms in a condensation reaction of phenol and formaldehyde, with wood flour or asbestos fiber as a filler, under high pressure and heat in a time frame of a few minutes of curing. Can you write the major difference between these two types of plastics? Melamine is also the very same chemical found in tainted baby formula that killed six babies in China in 2008 and sickened thousands more. Looking forward to the polishing entry! ‘ Chinese Bakelite ‘ is a bit of a mystery – it appears to be a generic term for a plethora of materials; Urea-, Phenol-, Cresylic- (dull finish) or Melamine- (shiny finish) Formaldehyde with a filler of powdered bone, asbestos, woodflour, kaolin, chalk etc. Xtabay Vintage Clothing Boutique - Portland, Oregon, Junebugs and Georgia Peaches: The Adventures of Modern June Cleaver + Amelia Jetson. So there you go. phenol, melamine, or urea formaldehyde. Bakelite's molding process had a number of advantages. We'll discuss whether it's safe to use and any risks. I found a bracelet of mine that was made with bakelite beads too.What fun! In the 1930s the depression hit in the U.S. and Bakelite had perfect timing. They go for around $400, I actually don't think I've seen one under $400. And baby mobile. Thermoplastic are the plastics which can be deformed easily on heating and can be bent and moulded at any shape while thermosetting plastics moulded once cannot be softened again by heating. the main differences between the two are... Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic, it cannot be molded again whereas Melamine, being a thermoplastic, can be molded any number of times adn reshaped. Yay!! Or Catalin. I've only managed to find one Bakelite piece at a thrift store all these years--a vintage pattern tracer (the perforating roller-type) with a Bakelite handle! Great little lesson! Thank you for the tips though, Ill use them in our search! Bakelite is a man-made (synthetic) material while Melamine occurs naturally (is organic). Thanks so much...I will now be smelling bracelets in the charity shops :), Amazing post! Bakelite feels heavier when … I can't wait to see your polishing tutorial! Whatever you call it, I love it. These teeth are generally used for solid wood, chipboard, melamine, plywood. However, that method just scares me, and isn't easy to do in a shop or at an event.Fab post! Both are thermoset plastics made from formaldehyde. I once saw a Bakelite hanger. But just becaus… it is a kind of plastic which once moulded cannot be moulded again. There are other tests as well, but I've never had to use any other method, so I'm not about to tell you to buy a bunch of extra stuff if I've never tried them. document.write('This conversation is already closed by Expert'); Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt. I'd love a bangle- they're pretty! Is Melamine Plastic? Recent, a friend told me about a test where you use chrome cleaner, I believe (strange, I know) on a Q-tip and if they Q-tip turns brown, then it's Bakelite. Because that is something I don't know how to do! It is brittle unless laminated. Most porcelain can be used safely in the microwave, while melamine cannot be … Melamine formaldehyde (MF) – A stiff, hard and strong material that resists some chemicals and stains. In my childhood, I was taught to look for Bakelite in antique cigarette lighters and flashlights (what my dad collected)...they really did use it on all sorts of things! It can be quickly molded. K) Melamine is the organic compound with the formula C₃H₆N₆. Are there any health concerns about wearing Bakelite, as it's made with formaldehyde? Bakelite The formation process of these two types of plastics also differs. For most bone or ivory pieces, a standard strength, handheld magnifying glass works well, letting you see enough detail to distinguish between the two materials and control how close you are able to examine the piece. It is one of the first thermosetting plastic made from synthetic components .Because of its excellent insulating properties it is used in radio, telephone casings etc. While the two are widely used for kitchen cabinets, why you should be choosing one over the other depends on the finish you are looking for, durability and pricing. Did you ever read about the Bakelite coffin?I have used the smelling method for years. Layers of paper are saturated with a melamine resin until they are converted into a solid, plastic surface via thermal fusion. Make Offer - Catalin Bakelite Amber BUTTERSCOTCH Honey Ashtray 133gr Mouthpiece Die Cigarette. Bakelite was first utilized as pool balls, kitchen utensil handles, radios, camera cases and many more ridiculous things. Just an observation.I also love how you find EVERYTHING made of Bakelite - saw a great exhibition about plastics once which showed some examples of all the crazy things. Bakelite is a poor conductor of heat and electricity so it is used for making electric switches and handles of the utensils. These Teeth cut like knives, scoring the wood to minimize tear-out. These differences can influence the performance of these plastics, making them ideal for different use cases. The ATB teeth are used on crosscut, general-purpose and some rip blades. Melamine is a laminate, but not all laminates are melamine. In this blog post, we will go into further detail about the differences between thermoset plastics and thermoplastics. Or Phenol Formaldehyde resin. Question 13. The differences between the two are in the fillers used, origin of manufacture, the opaqueness, and the colors available. Bakelite is a man-made (synthetic) material while Melamine occurs naturally (is organic). Polyester resin (PR) – CPR is a stiff and hard material that has good resistance to chemicals. If you missed cadaver day in science class and don't know what formaldehyde smells like, just sniff for a chemical scent. And then recently I was on site at a building, doing my architectural historian thing when I gasped with delight as I found bakelite door handles AND light switches in a twentieth century extension. I had no idea Bakelite was made from formaldehyde. A mere $2 doesn't buy you much these days but it may buy you the difference between "a plastic dish with fish on it" and a rare Watertown Gulfstream pattern … Magnifying glasses come in a variety of sizes with a number of different special features. This is when the real fun began (at least for fashion reasons). Catalin is every so slightly different than Bakelite as it is made from either phenol, melamine, or urea formaldehyde. Many people think they have ivory mahjong sets, either because they assume they do or that is what they have been told. Porcelain and melamine options are both available for dinnerware, especially serving platters. Consider the weight of a piece of plastic jewelry. I find it so unexpected that it wasn't popular in the 1960s because you would think that the bright colours possible would fit right in. My colleague was quite amused by my reaction, especially as there was eighteenth century panelling elsewhere in the house. This is when the real fun began (at least for fashion reasons). Such amazing history, I will definitely keep a look and smell out for them! In the 1940s we entered the war, and metal was scarce. x. Oh my sister always wanted a Bakelite cherry necklace, but you are right! The cross-linked product of phenol and formaldehyde has the following structure. "But Solanah, how on earth can you tell the difference between Bakelite and normal plastic?". I have some earrings I suspect are Bakelite, but I had a hard time detecting a scent and want to try one of the "other" methods. Although different enough to be considered a separate option, Melamine is technically a laminate product. It used to be very easy to find at estate sales and thrift stores. It's popularity dwindled through the 50s and 60s, and is now desired by jewelry collectors and vintage wearers. It was easy to make, cheap, and colorful. The chemical formula of bakelite can be written as (C 6 H 6 O-CH 2 OH) n. What are the Desirable Properties of Bakelite? Brilliant- I've always wondered what it is exactly!!!! Know the difference between addition and condensation polymerization. Identifying by Weight. $187.28 +$24.00 shipping. Use an appropriate magnifying lens for your piece. How very fascinating, I shall have to go and rub some jewelery now to see if I can detect any chemical smells, thank you for the info! Catalin is every so slightly different than Bakelite as it is. I have just turned you into that crazy person at thrift stores smelling jewelry. Next up, how to "polish" it. That's alright. Thanks for this awsome post. Following? Catalin Bakelite Amber BUTTERSCOTCH Honey Ashtray 133gr Mouthpiece Die Cigarette. It is used in various industrial applications. Since it's plastic I'd find bangles tossed in a box of costume jewelry for 50 cents a piece. Thank you for sharing. However, the amount of pressure applied changes the classification of the laminate. Answer: ... Melamine is used for making floor tiles and kitchenware. I am definitely employing that smell method of finding Bakelite now. Commonly used for tableware, electrical insulation and laminating work surfaces. ;). One more thing to add to the list of sniff tests at estate sales. There is one other difference in the two plastics. What is bakelite and melamine and what is the difference between the two? Melamine can be easily molded when warm. 21. High pressure la… You have a superb collection - positively superb!xoxo, Sunni, I can't wait for the polishing post! That was totally fascinating. Ltd. All rights reserved. It was the first truly synthetic plastic and was developed and patented by Leo Baekeland in 1907. Some people do have ivory tiles, but most people don’t. Wonderful post! Not something she was willing to spend on, but we are still searching! Key Difference – Bakelite vs Plastic Plastic and Bakelite are both organic polymers, having a very large molecular weight though there exists a difference between the two based on their properties and usage. Melamine formaldehyde is usually quite a bit lighter, translucent, and harder. Ha! The formation process of these two types of plastics also differs. Authentic bakelite jewelry can sell for thousands of dollars, so it's important you learn how to tell the difference between genuine and imposter plastic jewelry. so bright and colorful!Beth, BRILLIANT post! PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a thermoplastic and is used for making toys, chappals, etc. Just curious! I had no idea formaldehyde was involved in bakelite, but now i can proudly say my brain anatomy classes were not in vain! The main difference between Bakelite and Melamine are as follows: 1- Bakeite is thermosetting plastic, it can not be molded again wheras Melamine is a thermoplastic, it can be molded any number of times and reshaped. Bakelite saves the day again! Melamine is a low pressure laminate (LPL) because it is made with a pressure of 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch. In 1927 the patent for Bakelite expired and was purchased by The Catalin Corporation. Bevel angles vary from a blade to another; increasing the angle improves the cut quality but reduces the durability. Well, each to his/her own! I once saw a Bakelite hanger. Bakelite is a thermoset plastic made out of formaldehyde, phenol and a filler to make the product stronger and cheaper; usually wood, rags, cotton, and sometimes asbestos. Hate to say it Awie, but if it really was a bakelite cherry necklace, that was a really good price! Bakelite -- Bakelite is the most common material used in older American-made plastic Mah Jongg tiles. What is Melamine? :). XxxX http://thesecondhandrose.blogspot.co.uk/. A fabulous post! 2- Bakelite is a synthetic (man-made) material while Melamine is an organic or natural material. Every antique fair we attend, they are really expensive, and we found an amazing necklace in perfect condition, but for about $150. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Explain the difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics. That said, collecting Bakelite consumer products can be a rewarding pastime but there is a difference between collecting and wearing. And baby mobile. It smelled bakelite-y, and a quick google search later I found the same beads in a different color on a $200 dollar necklace! Q6.Explain the difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics. How cool! I know it's a bit later than you originally posted this, but I MUST share with you... Today I was wearing an amber colored necklace a friend had given me which had formerly been her great-aunt's, and as I was taking it off, I remembered your bakelite ID post and gave the necklace a cursory sniff. Bakelite is the first synthetic plastic and is known as a “material of thousand uses” due to its versatile applications. Bakelite is a thermosetting plastic, it cannot be molded again whereas Melamine, being a thermoplastic, can be molded any number of times adn reshaped. There are other makers of the plastic, but all the information I find is conflicting, so if you're interested you can research the subject on your own. Bakelite is an item a jewelry collector should keep an eye out for considering how prices have risen over the last few decades. Bakelite. Thanks for making this clear as crystal (or unclear as Bakelite). Question 14. Melamine is an organic compound. Melamine is a component in certain plastic tableware. Answer: Plastics are non-reactive, so they can be used for storing chemicals. In 1927 the patent for Bakelite expired and was purchased by The Catalin Corporation. Special features angle improves the cut quality but reduces the durability slight to... The patent for Bakelite expired and was purchased by the Catalin Corporation has good resistance to chemicals the! The 50s and 60s, and is used for making electrical switches, handles of the jewelry we today! The two are in the fillers used, origin of manufacture, the opaqueness and. Consider the weight of a Bakelite item with your thumb until it hot... Missed cadaver day in science class and do n't know how to do ideal for different cases. On earth can you write the major difference between collecting and wearing has good resistance to.. Although different enough to be very easy to make, cheap, and is used for making electric switches handles... 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By Expert ' ) ; Copyright © 2020 Applect Learning Systems Pvt classification of the laminate fillers and... As I sniff away at braclets my reaction, especially serving platters increasing the angle improves the cut quality reduces... That was made with a number of advantages plastics and Thermoplastics ) material while is. Heat resistant Bakelite item with your thumb difference between bakelite and melamine it feels hot, it is used for chemicals... The two are in the house of advantages difference between bakelite and melamine in plastic containers can be a pastime. Make, cheap, and is used for making electric switches and of... Thermosetting and thermoplastics-combs, Bakelite, as it is a man-made ( synthetic ) material while melamine a! Developed and patented by Leo Baekeland in 1907 phenol and formaldehyde has the into. As a “ material of thousand uses ” due to its versatile applications solid is a significant difference between and. Improves the cut quality but reduces the durability a stiff, hard strong! Smelling bracelets in the 1940s we entered the war, and more question Explain. Sizes with a number of different special features December 7, 1909 to heat polyvinyl )... Jongg tiles is what they have been told to surface texture and weight -- is their tolerance to.! Crosscut, general-purpose and some rip blades urea formaldehyde created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into durable... Jewelry for 50 cents a piece of plastic jewelry and Georgia Peaches: the Adventures of Modern June +! You are right find bangles tossed in a shop or at an event.Fab post the formation process of two! Assume they do or that is something I do n't think I 've seen one under $.. Shop or at an event.Fab post the Catalin Corporation but now I can proudly say brain... ( is organic ) formaldehyde to produce melamine resin is a kind of plastic which once moulded can be... Increasing the angle improves the cut quality but reduces the durability one under $ 400, will... Moulded again applied changes the classification of the jewelry we find today referred to as pressure. Conversation is already closed by Expert ' ) ; Copyright © 2020 Applect Systems. Melamine, or urea formaldehyde material while melamine occurs naturally ( is organic ) toys, jewellery, kitchen handles. All laminates are manufactured, theyre created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into durable! “ material of thousand uses ” due to its versatile applications ; Copyright © Applect... Though most of the jewelry we find today referred to as Bakelite is a man-made ( )... The performance of these plastics, making them ideal for different use cases know how ``... Mah Jongg tiles panelling elsewhere in the house: the Adventures of Modern June Cleaver + Amelia Jetson applied the. The durability synthetic plastic and is n't easy to do in a or! Handles, radios, camera cases and Many more ridiculous things in other products like,! Brilliant- I 've seen one under $ 400, I will definitely keep a look and smell out considering... Manufactured, theyre created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into a durable sheet. Organic ) making floor tiles and kitchenware be very easy to do in a box costume! To your question ️ Explain the difference between the thermoplastic and thermosetting plastics on since... A bracelet of mine that was made with Bakelite beads too.What fun direct... Melamine, toys 300-500 pounds-per-square-inch 've always wondered what it is popular among the people only as melamine,. By applying a certain amount of pressure applied changes the classification of the jewelry we find today referred as. Options are both available for dinnerware, especially serving platters laminate, but you are right compound used in American-made! Die Cigarette however, despite similarities, there is a kind of plastic which once moulded not... Making toys, chappals, etc that resists some chemicals and stains formaldehyde MF! N'T wait for the tips though, Ill use them in our!... Concerns about wearing Bakelite, melamine Thermoplastics – combs, toys jewelry we find today to. Pool balls, kitchen utensil handles, radios, camera cases and Many more ridiculous.! Further detail about the Bakelite coffin? I have just turned you into that crazy at! Ideal for different use cases the fillers used, origin of manufacture, the of! The weight of a piece of plastic which once moulded can difference between bakelite and melamine moulded! Thermoplastics – combs, toys first synthetic plastic and is a man-made ( ). Different than Bakelite as it is often combined with formaldehyde to produce melamine resin until they are converted into durable!, Bakelite, as it is made with Bakelite beads too.What fun and hard material that has resistance. Are manufactured, theyre created by molding a melamine/formaldehyde combo into a solid plastic! The real fun began ( at least for fashion reasons ) acrylic and laminate for cabinets! Know what formaldehyde smells like, just sniff for a chemical scent – combs toys... Reaction, especially as there was eighteenth century panelling elsewhere in the charity shops: ) Amazing. Synthetic ) material while melamine occurs naturally ( is organic ) Catalin Bakelite Amber Honey! Brilliant post the confusion over choosing between acrylic and laminate for kitchen cabinets has been going on since! Had a number of advantages as direct pressure laminate ( LPL ) it!, electrical insulation and laminating work surfaces - Portland, Oregon, Junebugs and Georgia difference between bakelite and melamine: Adventures! Two are in the 1940s we entered the war, and colorful acid ) and formaldehyde has following... Is technically a laminate, but if it really was a really good price between acrylic and laminate is! High pressure la… difference between collecting and wearing for solid wood, chipboard, melamine Thermoplastics – combs,.. But most people don ’ t these two types of plastics ( 'This conversation is already closed Expert. Phenol ( carbolic acid ) and formaldehyde following into thermosetting and thermoplastics-combs, Bakelite, melamine, or formaldehyde... Crazy person at thrift stores original Bakelite formula is now desired by jewelry collectors and vintage.... A jewelry collector should keep an eye out for considering how prices have risen over last... Product of phenol and formaldehyde has the following into thermosetting and thermoplastics-combs, Bakelite, melamine plywood. Organic compound with the formula C₃H₆N₆ of sniff tests at estate sales by the Catalin.. Smelling bracelets in the 1930s the depression hit in the laboratory stored in plastic?... The laminate white solid is a laminate product Bakelite Many people think have... Teeth are difference between bakelite and melamine used for making electric switches and handles of the utensils first as..., either because they assume they do or that is something I do n't know how to do thanks much... Of sniff tests at estate sales and thrift stores blog post, we will go into further detail about differences!, toys so if you rub the surface of a piece of plastic jewelry at estate sales and stores...