What is bridewealth? Gary Ferraro & Susan Andreatta, Cultural Anthropology , 8th edn. Antonyms for Bridewealth. 1 word related to bride price: gift. Bride price can be compared to dowry, which is paid to the groom, or used by the bride to help establish the new household, and dower, which is property settled on the bride herself by the groom at the time of marriage. the set of learned behaviors, beliefs, attitudes, values, and ideals that are characteristic of a particular society or population. Bridewealth is said to establish strong social bonds by opening kinship roads between the families of the bride and the groom and to formalize an alliance between different clans. ... and thereby to offer unequivocal definitions of status and correct resolutions of disputes. [...] The term bridewealth is well chosen because the goods transferred are usually among the most valuable symbols of wealth in the local culture." 1981. Undergraduate 1. Knauft's analysis of the Gebusi's kinship ties led him to discover the relationship between sister exchanges and sorcery accusations. The debate about the meanings and social implications of bridewealth is strongly-divided and is an issue that affects the lives of thousands of young people attempting to marry across the world. Bride price definition, (in some nonindustrial societies) the money or goods given to the family of a bride by the bridegroom or his family. The inflation of bridewealth payments and the increasing monetarization of the practice are often the source of household debts. The Dictionary of Anthropology. There are no firm rules prohibiting interaction between classes. Cultural anthropologists also do systematic comparisons of similar cultures. Bridewealth, also called bride-price or marriage payment, payment made by a groom or his kin to the kin of the bride in order to ratify a marriage. Anthropologyguide is an anthropology resource guide for all anthropology lovers. Among the 563 cultures listed in Murdock's World Atlas of Cultures (1981), 226 practice bridewealth. Maiden, MA: Blackwell, 1997. Humanity - an introduction to cultural anthropology (9th edition, 2009, Wadsworth) … But anthropology is indeed just that … Definition of Culture. The timing and reasons for going to broad spectrum collecting and food production. For cultures that embrace bridewealth, divorce is only recognized once the family of the groom acknowledges the return of the bridewealth (Callan, Street & Underdown, 2013). Further critiques of bridewealth argue that the practice not only condones, but encourages domestic violence and a hindering of women's agency, especially in the case of divorce and the custody of children issued from a marriage. Christine Jourdan, Alexis Black and Fabienne Labbé. Bridewealth, or more specifically the relevance of practicing bridewealth, is the subject of television and radio programs, feature length films (for example, Fanie Furie's Lobola), magazines, Websites and blogs, in addition to being a cause taken up by a number of non-profit organizations globally (e.g. ... Word of the day. A.R. The debate about bridewealth in the 21st century is not only a question of gender, sexuality, marital exchange and power, but also a question of modernization, cultural practice, and cultural identity. shell valuables in the Pacific, cattle in most parts of Africa and livestock and jewelry in many countries of Asia). Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? In all cases, the young couple is indebted, morally or/and financially, to the family of the husband. Critiques of Bridewealth: Constraints on Women. Atlas of World Cultures. 626 pp.Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology: Humanity, Culture, and Social Life. Clan: a group of people who have a general notion of common descent that is not attached to a specific biological ancestor. Comparative anthropology has shown that bridewealth is more likely to be paid amongst populations whose main mode of food getting system is horticulture or pastoralism. In many of these societies, when the girl marries, she leaves her parents' family, and sometimes her village, and continues her life in her husband's village or family (virilocality). The Code of Hammurabi details this practice in ancient Mesopotamia, the books of Genesis and Exodus dictate regulations for the payment of Moha (from the groom to the bride's father) and passages from the Iliad and the Odyssey suggest that bridewealth was a custom in Homeric Greece. Define bride wealth. That people value ‘people’ over ‘things’ is argued often by anthropologists, but how people value specific forms and qualities of relations as they do in the example of bridewealth is less so. Thursday, February 9, 2012. Bridewealth describes a compensation given to the family of the bride by the groom or his kin upon marriage. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. (10) Neither bridewealth, the money used to arrange marriage, nor wergeld (or "bloodwealth"), the money presented to the family of a murder victim so as to prevent or resolve a blood-feud, is a form of payment or compensation. In some societies, this increase may lead young men to take out loans, often equivalent to several years' salary, and in extreme cases, to steal in order to satisfy the demands of their bride's families (for example, the rising problem of "cattle rustling" correlated to bridewealth demands in countries like Kenya and South Sudan). of the anthropologist, the social situation of which bridewealth is a part marks off the transaction sharply from impersonal market purchase. Bridewealth remains the most common form of marriage transaction in the world. In such cultures, a marriage is not reckoned to have ended until the return of bridewealth has been acknowledged, signifying divorce. Keesing, Roger M. 1981. In a number of societies, the practice is said to be associated with child marriages and forced marriages, as marrying daughters is a way for impoverished families to acquire money. Copyright © 2016 brideprice and bridewealth. Noun. The bride price or bride wealth system constitutes assumes an important role in the distribution of family property and the arrangement of exchanges and alliances among families in many socieities. n.d.1. The anthropologist Roger Keesing defined bridewealth as "[m]arriage payments from the husband and his kin to the bride's kin." What are synonyms for Bridewealth? When bridewealth was paid, and where customary law coexists with modern law, children's custody is often given to the father and his family, as bridewealth is also meant to secure the products of women's fertility. Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married to or is just about to marry. Essentially this means that bridewealth marriages are those in which the groom (and often his family) remit a payment in some form to the bride's family in order to officialize a marriage. way of organizing production - a set of social relations through … DOI: 10.1086/201505 E-mail Citation » Reading caste from the “bottom up,” Mencher makes two related arguments: that caste is fundamentally a system of economic exploitation; and that, as a result, one of its functions has been the denial of class-based social groupings. Typically, "these payments balance a transfer of rights over the wife's sexuality, work services, residence, and fertility" (Keesing 1981 : 508). Material culture is a term used in archaeology and other anthropology-related fields to refer to all the corporeal, tangible objects that are created, used, kept and left behind by past and present cultures. Doing anthropology is fieldwork, fieldwork. Pretorius, Henk. Department of Sociology & Anthropology lobola in South Africa, sin sod in Thailand, walwar in Afghanistan or ambra poka among the Maring of Papua New Guinea), the practice of exchanging goods from the husband's family to the bride's family upon marriage has been practiced for centuries. Concordia University WEB MONTREAL. nomic value, But while the economic value of these things is suggested in the term “bride-. (London School of Economics, Monographs on Social Anthropology, No. Avunculocal: married individuals live with or near an uncle. Bride Wealth and Dowry Bride wealth is a form of marriage exchange involving giving cash or goods by the bridegroom's kin to the bride's kin to settle a marriage.A person can claim compensation for violation of conjugal rights only when bride wealth had been paid.If a marriage is terminated , bride … It covers the main themes in the discipline while allowing space for other books and articles, and other media to be assigned. MIFUMI). Bridewealth: payments made to the bride’s family by the groom’s family before marriage. yclept / ɪˈklɛpt / adjective. Synonyms for Bridewealth in Free Thesaurus. ... 13. anthropology ; Chinese studies ; development studies ; social policy ; Asian studies. Rather, I question the utility of excluding consideration of the spe- cifics of contemporary conditions in the study of adaptive variation in behavioural expression (see Borgerhoff Mulder et al. 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