The Mortar Company in the 6th Parachute Regiment actually contained the nine heavy (120-mm.) The horse artillery regiment was made up of two battalions with 8 75mm Krupp model 1904 and 1912. The antitank battalion, supposed to consist of three companies of self-propelled guns, had actually only one company, equipped with nine 75-mm. [5] The Grossdeutschland Artillery Regiment had a slightly different organization. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The lower-numbered ones earned and maintained an élite status, but quality generally declined among the higher-numbered divisions. (HTML Excerpt of Relevant Section) The following books were consulted for information by me: The Panzer Legions: A Guide to the German Army Tank Divisions of World War II and Their Commanders by Samuel W. Mitcham. By the time U.S. ground forces entered combat in 1942, both of these pieces were being replaced by modern and much more effective guns. This new technology reduced the amount of resources required to deploy one artillery gun. The organization of the XII (1st Royal Saxon) Corps in 1914, shortly before the outbreak of World War I, … According to Davies, the Cavalry divisions were mounted infantry and the Cossack divisions were "true cavalry", modelled on the Russian cavalry divisions. First-class armored equipment remained a comparative rarity in divisions assigned to OB WEST until 1944. Nominally, six of the nine batteries were equipped with 10.5cm Gebirgs-Haubitz 40, a light-weight mountain artillery piece. Actually, by the end of 1943, most of the divisions had lost their third regiments. The average age of the enlisted men of the 6th Parachute Regiment was 17l/2. Although the static divisions were expressly designed as permanent garrison troops for the west, they were by no means safe from the periodic troop collection for the east. Organization. SS divisions had an additional towed light battalion. All five were eventually converted to ordinary Panzer divisions.[3]. The total ration strength of the division as of 22 May was 17,420. As such I used mostly primary sources for this video. The most famous artillery gun of World War II was the Flak 88 cannon, an 8.8 cm high-velocity weapon equally applicable for antiaircraft and antitank use. On the first of the month, Guderian estimated that the tanks and assault guns awaiting repair equaled about nine months’ new production. The need, in short, was for new tanks in large numbers. Heavy guns and howitzers were kept a corps level. In late 1943, therefore, Guderian proposed and Hitler approved a scheme to form a ten-division strategic armored reserve while at the same time trying to bring all armored divisions up to strength in equipment. If you have any unwanted photographs, documents or items from the First or Second World War, please do not destroy them. The new year brought a change. The rifle companies of the 6th Parachute Regiment had twice as many light machine guns as the infantry division rifle companies. The division had a full armored reconnaissance battalion of six companies, and an antiaircraft battalion. Intended personnel strength was 18,354, of which on 1 June the division actually mustered 17,321. At that time Goering proposed and Hitler approved a program intended to produce by the end of 1944 two parachute armies with a total strength of about 100,000 men. They included 13 infantry divisions, 2 parachute divisions, 5 army panzer divisions, and 4 SS panzer and panzer grenadier divisions. The 1st SS Panzer Division, for instance, was supposed to have 45 assault guns, 21 Mark III,101 Mark IV, and 81 Mark V tanks. Although the German Army in the west on the eve of its great test was considerably weaker than planned in equipment, quality, and numbers, it was nevertheless a force strong enough to hope for victory in a battle in which Allied materiel superiority would be partly counteracted by the natural advantages of a coastline defense. Until the fall of 1943 German airborne forces comprised only one corps with two parachute divisions. German Organization for Combat, 1944 Between 1939 and 1943 the German standard infantry division contained three regiments with a total of nine rifle battalions. The organization of the German divisional artillery, like that of our own, includes three battalions of 105-mm. The “tank” battalion had thirty-seven assault guns, five less than authorized. Background of Artillery Divisions in World War II Here again, individual variations were enormous. This book covers the development and use of this new weapon between 1939 and 1945. On the other hand, they all had fewer tanks. It was formed on April 1, 1867 and was headquartered in Dresden, Saxony.. All the Hornets and Tiger (Mark VI)tanks had been shipped out to the Russian front, and the stock of assault guns was considerably decreased. This is a list of Imperial German artillery regiments before and during World War I.In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 100 regiments of Field artillery (plus the Lehr instruction unit) and 24 regiments of Foot artillery (plus another Lehr instruction unit) who manned the heavier pieces. Battalions had 2×105mm light field howitzer batteries and 1×150mm heavy field howitzer battery, each. German Heavy Field Artillery in World War II: 1934-1645 (Schiffer Military/Aviation History) by Joachim Engelmann. Its reconnaissance battalion usually uses bicycles for transportation and is therefore highly mobile. The first I just ordered and hope it lives up to reviews. Very little on doctrine or tactics. Not related to the 18th Infantry Division. Post by JAK » 03 Feb 2009, 08:54 Hei, Carl and Moikka Saska! A fair ammount of information on the development of indivsdual models. The east continued to enjoy priority on new equipment until the end of 1943, and although German-made tanks and assault guns were shipped to OB WEST during that time the deliveries were often more than outweighed by the transfer of armored units. Upgrades and reorganizations are shown only to identify the variant names for what is notionally a single unit; other upgrades and reorganizations are deferred to the individual articles. The type of organizational tables for both army and SS divisions called for a tank regiment with one battalion of Mark IV and one battalion of Mark V tanks. Chiefly because of the antitank and reconnaissance units, on the other hand, the division with 17,00 men was substantially larger than its U.S. counterpart. The two-regiment infantry division, therefore, did not operate in T/O form in the invasion area, and for the German Army as a whole, it may be regarded as experimental and eccentric, designed further to conserve manpower but not accepted as a generally satisfactory solution. GERMAN ARMY WW2. The division which included the bulk of Gerd von Rundstedt‘s infantry, however, the static (bodenstaendige) division, was exempted from reorganization unless specifically so ordered. An order of 12 May 1944 to substitute an artillery regiment with two light battalions and one medium was not carried out before the division entered combat. The division had no tanks. Infantry regiments had gun companies with 75mm and 150mm infantry guns and anti-tank platoons were issued with the 37mm PaK 36. The problem (set in January 1944 by Hitler) was to trim the personnel to something like 11,000 without affecting the combat strength. and three 76.2-mm. It came from a loop of wire that members of a wiretapping squad had set out two weeks before to intercept Soviet field telephone conversations. Language; Watch; Edit; This is a list of artillery of the Second World War ordered by name. Nebelwerfer. They were to be an elite arm and were put on an equal status with the SS units in recruiting, armament, equipment, and training. The backbone of the Heer (German Army) was the infantry division. Additionally in some cases there were also cavalry, engineer and medical units attached. mortars) but this, too, was apparently not complied with. In general the later waves (i.e., the higher-numbered divisions) were of lower quality than the earlier ones. Between 1939 and 1943 the German standard infantry division contained three regiments with a total of nine rifle battalions. There was a series of 5 Light divisions; the first four were pre-war mechanized formations organized for use as mechanized cavalry, and the fifth was an ad hoc collection of mechanized elements rushed to Africa to help the Italians and organized into a division once there. Königlich Sächsisches) Armeekorps) was a Saxon corps of the Imperial German Army. C030084 ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY, 1 ST CORP BATTLEDRESS TUNIC. mortars which the tables of an organization called for, but in the 3rd Parachute Division, weaponing was miscellaneous, including 100-mm. Most of these divisions trained in Berlin, which is also where new military technology was kept and tested. Artillery Regiment Artillery Battalion; Artillery Battalion; Artillery Battalion Note: Not all units were structured this way, since it is an ideal structure. Each of the infantry regiments had, besides its twelve rifle and heavy weapons companies, a 13th (infantry howitzer) and 14th (antitank) company. Like all SS divisions, it was substantially stronger than the corresponding army division. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century but others were only formed as late as October 1912. German Artillery Tactics in World War 2 are a rather obscure subject, very little is written about it. Divisions are listed by number and reflect their lineage where names or designations were changed over time.[5]. Each of the infantry regiments had, besides its twelve rifle and heavy weapons companies, a 13th (infantry howitzer) and 14th (antitank) company. howitzer or gun) battalions with a total armament of forty-eight pieces. The I. and II. Under Rundstedt’s command on 1 June, 1944 were 58 combat divisions of which 33 were either static or reserve, suitable only for limited defense employment. In March 1940 Alkett converted 38 PzKw IB chassis to the artillery role by removing the turret and building up a huge superstructure into which was set the 15cm slG infantry gun. The best infantry units in the 1944 German Army were the parachute divisions, administratively under the Luftwaffe but tactically always subordinated to Army command. German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, 10 May 1940. Subcategories . Each brigade also had an AT squadron equipped with 47mm Böhler model 1935 towed by Tatra 93 T trucks or Malaxa UE light armoured tracked vehicle. During the interwar period German army was still using the old 75mm FK 16 and 150mm sFH 13/02. The basic unit, the Rifle Company, was cut to 140 enlisted men and 2 officers, as compared with the U.S. Company of 187 enlisted men and 6 officers. Of the new parachute units created during the early months of 1944, OB WEST received the 3rd and 5th Divisions and the 6th Parachute Regiment (from the 2nd Parachute Division). In October 1943, the division was drastically overhauled to reduce its size while maintaining its firepower. Due to the scope of this list, pre-war changes are not shown, nor are upgrades from units smaller than a division. The four armies were the First holding the Atlantic coast of France, the Seventh occupying Brittany and most of Normandy, the Fifteenth along the Kanalküste, and the Nineteenth defending the French Mediterranean coast. All the panzer divisions were thus much larger than their American counterparts, the 1st SS being more than twice as large. Various other divisions were dubbed "Light" for other reasons, and are listed among the Infantry Series Divisions. Furthermore, the division had one artillery brigade, which consisted of 2 artillery regiments, which consisted of 2 artillery battalions each. Owing to Allied deception measures, some German armored units failed to engage the Anglo-Americans until after D-Day. In English, Ian Hogg's 'German ARtillery of WWII' is a good technical refrence for the models of cannon and ammunition. antitank guns (called “Hornets”). Its six rifle battalions were organized in two regiments, which were supposed to be motorized; one battalion was supposed to be armored. [1], The designation "Light" (leichte) had various meanings in the German Army of World War II. Infantry divisions were raised in waves, sets of divisions with a standardized table of organization and equipment. On the other hand, like so many west divisions, its combat strength in fact was much less than it appeared on paper. The same order called for the formation of a heavy mortar battalion (with thirty-six 120-mm. The Füilier battalion, still charged with reconnaissance duties, was organized like a rifle battalion except that one company was equipped with bicycles and the unit had slightly more horse-drawn vehicles and some motor transport. 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